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The Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian Regime

The parliamentary elections due to take place this year represent a crucial juncture in the
future of political life in Egypt. The previous round of elections (2005) confirmed the division
of the political landscape between the ruling party and the delegitimized opposition
movement, the Muslim Brotherhood, at the expense of the remaining political parties.
However, the next round of elections brings the possibility of new, radical change as the
regime moves to oust the Brotherhood from the political scene in order to ensure its own
domination in the presidential elections (2011), which will be decisive for the future course of
the Egyptian state. And this move may be concealed by the return of “formalism” to party
political life.

The blow that the regime recently dealt to the Brotherhood, shortly after the elections to the
Shura Council, can only be interpreted as an attempt to strip the organisation of the de facto
legitimacy it has acquired over the past decades. It thereby seeks to transfer the Brotherhood
from the category of delegitimized organisations to that of organisations that are outside the
law. In such a case, the Brotherhood’s determination to run in the upcoming elections will be
a test of the stability of the changes that have occurred within the movement over the past
three years, in the face of its decades-long legacy in the field of public work.

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Les opinions exprimées et les arguments avancés dans cet article demeurent l'entière responsabilité de l'auteur-e et ne reflètent pas nécessairement ceux du CETRI.